Keyword Analysis & Research: carbohydrates definition biochemistry

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What are the chemical properties of carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates - Chemical Structure. Carbohydrates consist of the elements carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) with a ratio of hydrogen twice that of carbon and oxygen. Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, cellulose and many other compounds found in living organisms.

What is the chemical formula for carbohydrates?

The term carbohydrate can basically be translated into "carbon water". Therefore, the typical formula for a carbohydrate is CH_2O. The most common sugar is glucose from the photosynthesis reaction. Glucose has a formula of C_6H_12O_6. Sucrose which is table sugar is C_ (12)H_ (22)O_ (11).

What is an example of carbohydrate in chemistry?

Sugars are examples of simple carbohydrates. From the organic chemistry perspective, the word carbohydrate is derived from "carbon hydrates" which originates from the fact that some simple and common examples, such as glucose, C6H12O6, and sucrose, C12H22O11, have the generic formula = Cn(H2O)m.

What is the chemical makeup of carbohydrates?

A carbohydrate is any member of a widespread class of natural organic substances that includes sugars, starch and cellulose. The chemical composition of carbohydrates - as analysed in the nineteenth century - is a combination of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and water (H2O).

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