Keyword Analysis & Research: prognosis of atrial septal defect

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the causes of atrial septal defect?

Atrial septal defect causes. The cause of congenital heart defects is not understood but several factors are known to be associated: Maternal drug abuse, alcohol abuse and radiation exposure; Maternal infection, particularly rubella; Genetic abnormalities; Chromosomal abnormalities (septal defects are associated with Trisomy 21- Down’s syndrome).

Can atrial septal defect be treated with medication?

While medicines cannot cure an atrial septal defect, they may be used to control symptoms until the hole in the wall between the two upper chambers of the heart either closes on its own or until it can be closed using a catheter-based or surgical procedure.

Is a PFO the same as atrial septal defect?

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are congenital (present-at-birth) conditions that affect the inter-atrial septum (tissue between the right and left upper chamber of the heart). PFO is a flap-like hole in the inter-atrial septum that can allow blood to go from the right to left chambers and could be a cause for stroke.

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