Keyword Analysis & Research: ammonium chloride and sodium hydroxide

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the hazards of ammonium hydroxide?

Ammonium hydroxide is basically a mixture of ammonia and water. In general-use concentrations, it can be a corrosive or an irritant when the skin is exposed, or an irritant to the eyes. There are inhalation hazards and corrosive hazards, especially with higher concentrations.

What are common uses of ammonium chloride?

Ammonium chloride is used as a flux in preparing metals to be tin coated, galvanized or soldered. It works as a flux by cleaning the surface of workpieces by reacting with the metal oxides at the surface to form a volatile metal chloride.

Which acid and base is used to make ammonium chloride?

Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid, while ammonia is a weak base. Both are water soluble gases that exist in the vapor phase above their solutions. When the solutions mix, the acid and base react to form ammonium chloride (a salt) and water in a classic neutralization reaction.

Is ammonium chloride an acid base or neutral?

Weak acids and bases have strong conjugate bases and acids. For example, when ammonium chloride is dissolved in water, it gives an acidic solution because ammonium ion is a strong conjugate acid of the weak base ammonia, but chloride ion is a weak conjugate base of the strong acid hydrochloric acid.

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